With cerebral palsy, children lose control of their muscles. The condition is the result of damage to or an abnormal development in the brain, and several factors may be causes. Congenital CP is the result of damage to the brain before or during birth, and Maryland parents-to-be might be surprised that 85 to 90 percent of CP cases are congenital.
Some factors increase the chances of children developing CP. Premature birth and low birth weight are two of them. Children born before week 37 of a pregnancy are at a higher risk, and this risk increases when they are born before week 32. The risks are high for babies weighing less than 5.5 pounds as well, and this increases more for babies weighing less than 3 pounds.